Facts about Salivary Glands?

Facts about Salivary Glands?

Salivary glands are many exocrine glands that secretes salivary substances into the epithelial surface of the oral cavity through salivary duct.

There are 3 major salivary glands:

  • Parotid gland also known as serous glands
  • Submandibular gland also known as mixed gland 
  • Sublingual gland also known as mucous gland

How do we diagnose the stone in the salivary glands

  1. Computed tomography (CT scan)
  2. MRI scan
  3. Radionuclide Imaging
  4. Sialochemistry
  5. Sialography
  6. Ultrasonography, it will detect stone of diameter>2mm

If any of the problems involved in salivary glands lead to infection like Sialadenitis & Sialolithiasis.

Sialadenitis:

If there’s any infections seen in the major salivary glands then it is called Sialadenitis. It is seen mainly in the Parotid gland. 

Causes of Sialadenitis:

  • Microorganisms like staphylo/streptococcus infection.
  • Decrease host resistance.
  • Poor oral hygiene.
  • Dehydration.

Symptoms of Sialadenitis:

  • Unilateral enlargement and tenderness of gland.
  • Elevation of ear lobes.
  • Redness of overlying skin.
  • Generalized symptoms like cervical lymphadenopathy.
  • Facial pain and swelling in paranasal epistaxis.
  • Might lead to nasal obstruction in the nasal cavity.
  • May lead to ill fitting dentures in old people.

Treatment for Sialadenitis:

  • Maintenance of oral hygiene.
  • Intake of soft diet.
  • Maintenance of electrolyte balance.
  • Surgical drainage of infection if the above measures fails.

Sialolithiasis or Sialolith:

It is a calcified organic matter that forms within the secretory system of the major salivary glands. Sialolith consists of hydroxyapatite,calcium phosphate and carbon, with a trace amount of magnesium, potassium chloride and ammonium. It is seen mainly in submandibular gland and parotid gland.

Causes of Sialolithiasis:

  • Inflammation by microorganisms.
  • Irregularities in the duct system.
  • Prolong use of anticholinergic medications.

Symptoms of Sialolithiasis:

  • Acute painful and intermittent swelling seen.
  • Eating initiates salivary gland swelling.
  • Stone totally or partially blocks flow of saliva causing salivary pooling within ductuall system.
  • Stasis of saliva may lead to infection, fibrosis and gland atrophy.
  • Fistula, sinus tract or ulceration may occur over stone in chronic cases.
  • Soft tissue surrounding the duct may show edema and inflammation.

Treatment for Sialolithiasis:

In acute phase-supportive treatment - analgesic, antibiotic, hydration and antipyretic treatment will help, In exacerbation

  • Surgical intervention drainage or removal of stone
  • Stones at or near the duct are removed transorally by milking the glands
  • Deeper stones are removed by surgery or Sialendoscopy
  • Smaller stones are removed by gently massaging the glands.
  • Sailogogueso, moist heat and increased fluid intake may also promote passage of stone
  • Large sialolith are surgically removed

Thanks for reading the dentofacts article, for more such dentofacts articles visit Dentofacts.

13,000OFF
LG 8 Kg 5 Star Inverter Direct Drive Touch Panel Fully Automatic Front Load Washing Machine (FHM1408BDM, Steam for Hygiene, In-Built Heater, 6 Motion DD, Middle Black)

LG 8 Kg 5 Star Inverter Direct Drive Touch Panel Fully Automatic Front Load Washing Machine (FHM1408BDM, Steam for Hygiene, In-Built Heater, 6 Motion DD, Middle Black)

34,990 47,990
Capacity 8 Kilograms
Colour Middle Black
Brand LG
Product Dimensions 60D x 55W x 85H Centimeters
Special Feature Inverter, 6 Motion Direct Drive, Child Lock, Auto Restart, Hygiene Steam, Time Remaining Display, Inbuilt HeaterInverter, 6 Motion Direct Drive, Child Lock, Auto Restart, Hygiene Steam, Time Remaining Display, Inbuilt Heater
Cycle Options Active Steam
Voltage 230 Volts
Controls Type Knob
Maximum Rotational Speed 1400 RPM
Access Location Front Load

About this item

  • Fully-automatic front load washing machine with Hygiene Steam/direct-drive technology: Best Wash Quality, Energy and Water efficient
  • Capacity 8 kg: Suitable for large families
  • Energy Star rating: 5 Star best in class efficiency; Energy consumption – 0.06 KWh/kg/cycle & Water Consumption: 6.6 L/Kg/Cycle (Please refer BEE label for more information)
  • Manufacturer Warranty: 2 Years Comprehensive & 10 Years on Motor T&C
  • 1400 RPM: higher spin speeds helps in faster drying
  • Wash Programs: 10 washing programs - Cotton: designed for normally soiled cotton clothes | Cotton Large - provides optimized washing performance for large amounts of laundry | Mix - cleans a variety of different fabrics at the same time | Easy Care –for polyamide, acrylic and polyester fabrics | Baby Care – eliminates allergen | Sportswear - suitable for sportswear such as jogging clothes | Delicate – suitable for undergarments and delicate fabrics | Wool - suitable for lacy knickers or that silk blouse | Quick 30 - Get express wash for lightly soiled clothes, all in 30 mins* | Rinse + Spin - ideal for cloth diapers or heavily soiled items
  • Drum / Pulsator type: Fully Stainless Steel Drum built to bring convenience and durability, this stainless steel drum makes your washing machine last longer. Not just this, its stainless steel lifter keeps the insides of the washing machine hygienic
Home & Kitchen
1,840OFF
Amazon Basics 8-Piece Non-Stick Cookware Set| 2-Way 3 Layer Non-Stick Coating | PFOA Free | High Temperature Resistant Exterior Coating, Black,Aluminium

Amazon Basics 8-Piece Non-Stick Cookware Set| 2-Way 3 Layer Non-Stick Coating | PFOA Free | High Temperature Resistant Exterior Coating, Black,Aluminium

2,859 4,699
  • Enjoy healthy and efficiently cooked food made using this non-stick 8-piece cookware set
  • The cookware set is made from pressed aluminium that is ultra-conductive, corrosion-free; it ensures quick heating and helps save energy
  • The heat-resistant phenolic handles remain cool even at temperatures when cooking the food
  • The coatings are 100% free from PFOA, lead, cadmium, nickel, and arsenic and approved by USFDA and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
  • The 2-layered exterior coating is scratch-resistant while the 3-layered interior is coated with a water-based eco-friendly PFOA-free coating
  • The durable and lightweight cookware is suitable for meeting the needs of daily cooking
  • The cookware is gas-stove compatible and dishwasher-safe
  • Package contents: Fry pan - 20 cm, fry pan - 26 cm, sauce pan - 16 cm with glass lid, sauce pan - 18 cm with glass lid, casserole - 20 cm with glass lid
Home & Kitchen
540OFF
Amazon Brand - Solimo Non-Stick Kadai with Glass Lid | Granite Finish | Induction Base | PFOA Free | High Temperature Resistant Exterior Coating | 22 cm | Grey

Amazon Brand - Solimo Non-Stick Kadai with Glass Lid | Granite Finish | Induction Base | PFOA Free | High Temperature Resistant Exterior Coating | 22 cm | Grey

559 1,099
  • HEAT CONDUCTIVITY: Made with pressed aluminium, the tawa provides high conductivity which enables quick heat distribution and even cooking
  • PFOA-FREE: Being PFOA-free, the product is safe for daily use
  • NON-STICK: The non-stick feature makes it super convenient to use as food doesn't stick to the cookware
  • PHENOLIC HANDLES: This product has phenolic handles which remain cool to the touch during cooking
  • DISHWASHER-SAFE: The product is dishwasher-safe and hence, easy to clean and maintain
  • PACKAGE CONTENTS: 22cm Kadai, 1 Glass Lid
Home & Kitchen
2,099OFF
London Hills Women's Casual Printed Round Neck, Oversized Longline Drop Shoulder Boho Style Regular Fit T-Shirt Pack Of 2

London Hills Women's Casual Printed Round Neck, Oversized Longline Drop Shoulder Boho Style Regular Fit T-Shirt Pack Of 2

499 2,598
  • Fit Type: Oversized Fit
  • Fabric: Cotton blend
  • Sleeve Type: Half Sleeve
  • Neck Style: Round Neck
  • Pattern : Printed
Clothing & Accessories
251OFF
Amazon Brand - Solimo Stainless Steel Induction Bottom Kadhai (25cm), Silver

Amazon Brand - Solimo Stainless Steel Induction Bottom Kadhai (25cm), Silver

449 700
  • A safe and robust cooking utensil made from 100% food grade Stainless Steel.
  • Product Dimensions : 25CM diameter , depth : 7.8CM.
  • Serves various cooking, frying and serving options for daily kitchen needs.
  • Made with high-quality induction bottom that is also gas stove compatible.
  • Sturdy and durable with a thickness of 0.6mm and capacity of 3000ml.
  • A stable grip with double riveted ear handles. Easy to clean in a dishwasher.
Kitchen & Dining