Maithili Sharan Gupt

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Maithili Sharan Gupt

Maithili Sharan Gupt (1886–1964) was a renowned Hindi poet, essayist, and playwright. He is considered one of the pioneers of the Chhayavaad movement in Hindi literature, which was characterized by romanticism and a focus on beauty, nature, and love.

Here are some key points about Maithili Sharan Gupt:

  • Birth and Early Life: Maithili Sharan Gupt was born on August 3, 1886, in Chirgaon, Jhansi, in the United Provinces of British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India).
  • Education: Gupt received his education in Sanskrit, Persian, and English literature. He was proficient in several languages, which influenced his literary works.
  • Literary Contributions: Maithili Sharan Gupt was a prolific writer and made significant contributions to Hindi literature. His poetry is known for its lyrical beauty, philosophical depth, and social consciousness.
  • Chhayavaad Movement: Gupt was associated with the Chhayavaad movement, a literary movement that emerged in the early 20th century in Hindi poetry. The movement emphasized the use of vivid imagery, romanticism, and a focus on emotions.
  • Magazines and Journals: Gupt edited several literary magazines and journals, including 'Udant Martand' and 'Hans.'
  • Notable Works: Some of his notable works include the epic poem "Bharat-Bharati," which explores the history and culture of India. His other works include "Yashodhara," "Pangtiyan," and "Saket."
  • Social Themes: While Gupt's early poetry was characterized by romanticism, he later shifted his focus to social issues, including the plight of untouchables and the struggle for independence.
  • Awards: Maithili Sharan Gupt was honored with several awards for his literary contributions, including the Sahitya Akademi Award for his collection of poems "Yashodhara."
  • Death: He passed away on December 12, 1964, in Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Maithili Sharan Gupt's poetry, characterized by its emotional depth and social consciousness, continues to be celebrated in Hindi literature. He played a crucial role in shaping the literary landscape during a period of significant cultural and social change in India.

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