Leaf breathing, science experiment for children

ByKarthik Kumar D Kon28th Jul 2023, 2023-07-28T18:30:00+05:30
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Leaf breathing, science experiment for children

Title: Leaf Breathing - Investigating Transpiration Experiment

Objective: To explore the process of transpiration in plants by observing "leaf breathing" through the movement of water in a plant stem.


  • Freshly cut leafy plant stem (e.g., a leafy branch from a tree or a herbaceous plant)
  • Clear glass or container
  • Water
  • Food coloring (optional)
  • Optional: Plastic wrap or transparent plastic bag


  1. Begin by discussing the process of transpiration with the children. Explain that transpiration is the movement of water from the roots to the leaves of a plant, where it evaporates through tiny pores called stomata.
  2. Fill a clear glass or container with water, about one-third full.
  3. Optional: Add a few drops of food coloring to the water to make it easier to observe the movement of water.
  4. Cut a fresh leafy stem from a plant at an angle, ensuring that it is long enough to submerge in the water-filled container.
  5. Immediately place the cut end of the stem into the water in the glass or container, making sure it is fully submerged.
  6. Observe the stem over a period of time (e.g., several hours or overnight) and note any changes.
  7. Optional: Cover the top of the glass or container with plastic wrap or a transparent plastic bag, creating a sealed environment. This can help enhance the observation of water movement and increase humidity around the plant.
  8. Observe the movement of water in the stem. Children may notice tiny air bubbles appearing in the water or observe changes in the water level as water is drawn up the stem.
  9. Discuss the observations with the children. Explain that the movement of water in the stem demonstrates the process of transpiration, where water is transported from the roots to the leaves and then evaporates through the stomata.
  10. Reflect on the experiment and discuss the importance of transpiration in plant health and overall ecosystem functioning.

Safety Considerations:

  • Be cautious when handling sharp cutting tools and ensure proper supervision during the experiment.

This experiment allows children to explore the process of transpiration in plants and observe the movement of water through the stem. It promotes scientific observation, critical thinking, and an understanding of plant physiology. Enjoy the fascinating world of "leaf breathing" with this transpiration experiment.

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