Tornado in bottle, science experiment for children

ByKarthik Kumar D Kon31st Aug 2023, 2023-08-31T08:55:00+05:30
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Tornado in bottle, science experiment for children

Title: Tornado in a Bottle - Exploring Vortex Formation Experiment

Objective: To create a vortex or "tornado" effect in a bottle and explore the concept of fluid dynamics.


  • Clear plastic bottle with a tight-fitting cap (e.g., 2-liter soda bottle)
  • Water
  • Dishwashing liquid or liquid soap
  • Glitter or small pieces of paper (optional for visual effect)
  • Optional: Food coloring


  1. Begin by discussing the concept of fluid dynamics with the children. Explain that fluid dynamics is the study of how fluids (liquids and gases) move and interact with each other.
  2. Gather the materials required for creating the tornado in a bottle experiment.
  3. Fill the plastic bottle about three-fourths full with water.
  4. Optional: Add a few drops of food coloring to the water for a visual effect.
  5. Add a small amount of dishwashing liquid or liquid soap to the water. This will help create the vortex effect.
  6. Optional: Sprinkle some glitter or small pieces of paper into the bottle to enhance the visual effect and make the vortex more visible.
  7. Close the bottle tightly with the cap, ensuring it is secure to prevent any leakage.
  8. Hold the bottle upright with one hand on the bottom and the other hand on the top, making sure the cap is facing downward.
  9. Begin swirling the bottle in a circular motion, creating a vortex inside the bottle. Start slowly and gradually increase the speed of the swirling motion.
  10. Observe as a vortex or "tornado" forms inside the bottle. The swirling motion of the water combined with the dishwashing liquid creates a vortex pattern.
  11. Continue swirling the bottle to maintain the tornado effect for as long as desired.
  12. Reflect on the experiment and discuss the principles of fluid dynamics. Explain that the swirling motion creates a centripetal force, causing the water to move in a circular pattern and form a vortex.

Safety Considerations:

  • Ensure the bottle cap is tightly secured to prevent any leakage or spills.

This experiment allows children to create a tornado-like vortex inside a bottle and explore the principles of fluid dynamics. It promotes scientific observation, critical thinking, and an understanding of how forces and motion affect the movement of fluids. Enjoy the fascinating experience of the tornado in a bottle with this exciting experiment!

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